A dermoid cyst is a type of tumor that can form under the skin or in other parts of the body, containing tissues such as fat, hair, bone, teeth, and sweat glands. These cysts are typically congenital and are generally benign. However, they can cause problems due to growth or infection.
Dermoid cysts are usually treated through surgery. These cysts can be removed and are often successfully excised. The surgical approach may vary depending on the size, location of the cyst, and the patient’s overall health. If the cyst is fluid-filled, it may be drained first. However, complete removal of the cyst is important to prevent recurrence.
The surgical procedure is typically performed under local anesthesia and usually takes a few hours. The patient’s recovery process may vary depending on the size and location of the cyst, but they generally heal completely within a short period. Medications such as pain relievers and antibiotics may be prescribed during the post-operative period, and wound care is important. If left untreated, the cyst can become infected and lead to serious health issues.