A gynecological examination is a medical examination performed to gather information about a woman’s reproductive health. It is generally recommended for women to have a gynecological examination at least once a year.
A gynecological examination typically consists of two parts: an external genital examination and an internal genital examination.
The external genital examination involves a gynecologist visually inspecting and palpating the woman’s external genitalia. During this part, the gynecologist checks if the woman’s external genital organs appear normal or if there are any signs of infection, rash, or abnormalities.
The internal genital examination involves a gynecologist examining the woman’s vagina, uterus, and ovaries. In this part, the gynecologist opens the vagina using a metal or plastic instrument called a speculum and uses another instrument to visualize the uterus and ovaries. The gynecologist looks for any abnormalities, masses, or infections in the uterus, ovaries, or other internal genital organs.
A gynecological examination can be slightly uncomfortable or embarrassing for some women. However, this examination is important to gather information about a woman’s reproductive health. Gynecologists ask questions about a woman’s sexual health and provide treatment or advice if there are any issues or concerns. Therefore, it is recommended for women to have a gynecological examination once a year.