Genital ultrasonography is an imaging method used in gynecological examinations of women. This test allows the evaluation of female reproductive organs using ultrasound wave images.

Genital ultrasonography can be performed using two different methods: vaginal ultrasonography or abdominal ultrasonography. Vaginal ultrasonography is done by inserting an ultrasound probe into the vagina. Abdominal ultrasonography, on the other hand, is a test where a gel is applied to the abdominal area and then the ultrasound is performed.

This test is used in the diagnosis of various gynecological problems. For example, it can be used to diagnose menstrual irregularities, painful menstruation, infertility, ovarian cysts, uterine polyps, fibroids, uterine cancer, or endometriosis.

Genital ultrasonography is a non-invasive procedure and is generally painless. The test is conducted by a specialist gynecologist or radiologist, and the results can be interpreted immediately. There is no need for any special treatment for the patient to return to normal activities after the test.

However, some preparations may be required before performing genital ultrasonography. For instance, the patient may be asked to consume plenty of fluids on the day of the test, refrain from drinking water before urination, or have an empty abdomen.

In conclusion, genital ultrasonography is a common test used in gynecological examinations and can assist in diagnosing many health issues related to women.